PERCEPTION OF PEER BULLYING AND VICTIMIZATION AMOUNG EARLY ADOLESCENT
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between parental attitudes and bullying and victimization among young adolescents in Famagusta, Northern Cyprus. A total of 149 adolescents (85 girls, 64 boys) (mean age of 12.9 years, range of 12–15 years) were recruited from middle schools. The ages of the students were between 12 (47.7%) to 15 (8.1%) years old. The study included a demographic information form and four questionnaires, which are The Adolescent-Family Process Measure (mother form), Multidimensional Peer Victimization Questionnaire, Peer Bullying Questionnaire and Children’s Perception of Inter-parental Conflict Questionnaire (CPIC). Results showed that gender was indicated for in school bullying among adolescents. The quality of Children’s Perception of Inter-parental Conflict on bulling was studied, and it was found that adolescents generally thought like their parents even if they have conflicts with them.
Key Words: Bullying, Victimization, Parental Style, Inter-parental Conflict
Avcı, R. (2006). Şiddet Davranışı Gösteren Ve Göstermeyen Ergenlerin Ailelerinin Aile İşlevleri, Öfke Ve Öfke İfade Tarzları Açısından İncelenmesi. Adana: Ç.Ü. Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsi, Adana.
Baltes, P. B., (1997). On the incomplete architecture of human ontogeny. American Psychologist. 52:366–380
Boulton, M. J., & Smith, P. K. (1994). Bully/victim problems in middle-school children: Stability, self perceived competence, peer perceptions and peer acceptance. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 12, 315–329.
Boulton, M. J., & Underwood, K. (1994). Bully/victim problems among middle school children. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 62, 73–87
Burks, V.S., Laird, R. D., Dodge, K. A., Peltit, G. S., and Bates, J. E. (1999). Knowledge structures, social information processing, and children’s aggressive behaviour. Social Development, 8(2), pp. 220-236.
Erdem M. R., ve Parlak. B. (2010). Ceza Hukuku Boyutuyla Mobbing. TBB Dergisi, Sayı: 88; 265-267
Harper, D. (2008). Online etymology dictionary. Retrieved April, 2013 from http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=bully&searchmode=none
Hawker, D. S. J., & Boulton, M. J. (2000). Twenty years’ research on peer victimization and psychosocial maladjustment: A meta-analytic review of cross-sectional studies. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 41(4), 441-455.
Hill, N. E., Bromell, L., Tyson, F., & Flint, R. (2007). Developmental commentary: Ecological perspectives on parental influences during adolescence. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 36, 367 – 377.
Isom, D. (1998). The social learning theory. Retrieved May 30, 2012, from http://www.criminology.fsu.edu/crimtheory/bandura.htm
Juvonen, J., & Graham, S (Eds.), (2001). Peer harassment in school: The plight of the vulnerable and victimized (pp. 265-289). New York: The Guilford Press.
Kaplan, A. (2007). Öfke yönetimi becerileri programının ilköğretim 5. Sınıf öğrencilerinin saldırganlık düzeyi ve benlik saygısına etkisi. Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Eğitim Bilimleri Enstitüsü, İzmir.
Kochenderfer, B., & Ladd, G. (1997). Victimized children responses to peers; aggression: Behavior associated with reduced versus continued victimization, Development and Psychopathology, 9, 59-73.
Leymann, H. (1996), “The Content and Development of Mobbing at Work”, European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 5, pp.165-184.
Mitchell, P., & Ziegler, F. (2007). Fundamentals of Development: The Psychology of Childhood. Hove: Psychology Press.
Olweus, D. (1980). Familial and temperamental determinants of aggressive behavior in adolescent boys: A causal analysis. Developmental Psychology, 16, 644-660.
Olweus, D. (1991). Bully/victim problems among schoolchildren: Basic facts and effects of a school-based intervention program. D. Pepler, & K.H. Rubin (Eds.), The Development and treatment of childhood aggression, (p.411-446). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Olweus, D. (1993). Bullying at School: What we know and what we can do. Oxford, Blackwell.
Olweus, D. (1995). Victimization by peers: Antecedents and long-term outcomes. In K. H. Rubin & J. B. Asendorpf (Eds.). Social withdrawal, inhibition, and shyness in childhood. (pp. 315-341). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Olweus, D. (2001). Olweus' core program against bullying and antisocial behavior: A teacher handbook. Bergen, Norway: Author.
Olweus, D. (2003). A profile of bullying at school. Educational Leadership, 60(6), 12-17
Panayiotis, S., Anna, P., Charalambos, T., & Chrysostomos, L. (2010), “Prevalence of Bullying among Cyprus Elementary and High School Students,” International Journal of Violence and School, Vol. 11, pp. 114-128.
Pellegrini, A. D. (2002). Bullying and victimization in middle school: A dominance relations perspective. Educational Psychologist, 37, 151-163.
Pişkin, M. (2002). Okul zorbalığı: Tanımı, türleri, ilişkili olduğu faktörler ve alınabilecek önlemler. Kuram ve Uygulamada Eğitim Bilimleri, 3, 531-562.
REDHOUSE. (2002). 16. Baskı. Istanbul Redhouse Yayınevi
Rose, A, J. Swenson, L, P, and Waller, E. M. (2004). Overt and relational aggression and perceived popularity: Developmental differences in concurrent and prospective relations. Developmental Psychology, 40, 378-387
Schwartz, D., Dodge, K. A., & Coie, J. D. (1993). The emergence of chronic peer victimization in boys’ play groups. Child Development, 64, 1755-1772.
Schwartz, D., Gorman, A. H., Nakamoto, J., & Toblin, R. L. (2005). Victimization in the peer group and children’s academic functioning. Journal of Educational Psychology, 97(3), 425-435.
Scott, S. (2008). Parenting programmes for attachment and antisocial behaviour. Psychiatry, 367-370.
Smith, P. K., Sharp, S. (1994). The problem of school bullying. School bullying, pp. 1-19. London: Routledge.
Tınaz, P. (2006); İşyerinde Psikolojik Taciz (Mobbing), Beta Basım Yayım, İstanbul.
Wang, J., Iannotti, R., & Nansel, T. (2009). School bullying among adolescents in the United States: Physical, verbal, relational, and cyber. Journal of Adolescent Health, 45(4), 368–375.
Whitehouse, P. S. (2006). Bullies and Victims: From the Schoolyard to the Boardroom: The Abridged Version. The Conflict Resolution Program. University of Denver
Yıldırım, M. (2007). Şiddete Başvuran ve Başvurmayan Ergenlerin Yalnızlık düzeyleri ve Akran Baskısı Düzeyleri Açısından İncelenmesi, Adana.
Copyright (c) 2021 International Online Journal of Primary Education (IOJPE) ISSN: 1300-915X
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Copyright and permissions
The manuscripts submitted to International Online Journal of Primary Education (IOJPE) for publication should be original studies that were not published before or not submitted to anywhere else for publication.
Authors who submit their manuscript to International Online Journal of Primary Education (IOJPE) should acknowledge that they agree to transfer the copyright of their studies to IOJPE. All Open Access articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided that the original work is properly cited.
All articles published in International Online Journal of Primary Education (IOJPE) are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).
Any further distribution or use of content published under CC BY 4.0 must contain the author(s) and the published article’s title, and journal citation. All articles published in IOJPE under a CC BY License may be used for Text and Data Mining purposes, subject to the conditions of the CC BY License terms. The license allows for commercial use. IOJPE allows reusers to distribute, remix, adapt, and build upon the material in any medium or format, so long as attribution is given to the creator.
The journal’s objective is to disseminate articles published are free. Under the Creative Commons license (CC BY 4.00), the journal allows the user to permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, and even use the publication for commercial activities, provided that the original work is properly cited.
Open access is an approach that eases the interdisciplinary communication and encourages cooperation among different disciplines. IOJPE, therefore, contributes to its own field by providing more access to its articles and a more transparent review process.